William Butler Yeats Synopsis
William Butler Yeats (June 13, 1865 – January 28, 1939) was an Irish poet. And one of the leading figures in 20th-century literature.
A guider of the Irish literary endowment, he accommodated find the Abbey Theater and completed two terms as a representative for the Irish Free State in his later years.
He was the driving force behind Irish literature restoration with Lady Gregory, Edward Martin, and others. William Butler Yeats was born in Sandymount, Ireland, and educated there and in London.
He spent his childhood vacation in County Sligo and was fascinated by Irish legend and significance when he studied poetry from a very young age. These topics featured in the first phase of his work, which lasted until the early twentieth century.
The first volume of his first verse published in 1889, and his slow-paced and lyrical poems showcase the indebtedness of the poets of Edmund Spencer, Percy Baishe Shelley, and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
From 1900 his poetry became more physical and realistic. He largely renounced the transcendental faith of his youth,
though he was busy with the cyclical theory of life, in addition to physical and spiritual masks. In 1923, he conferred the Nobel Prize in Literature.
William Butler Yeats Early years
William Butler Yeats was birth on June 13, 1865, in Dublin, Ireland. He was the most adult of four children of fundamental dependence in the history of modern portrait artist John Butler Yeats.
His father joined William’s formal schooling with home lessons that gave him an unforgettable taste for classics. John Yates had a strong personality.
His philosophy was a mixture of aesthetics (a belief that art and beauty are essential to all) and atheism (an idea that God does not exist). William felt his influence much later as it expressed his interest in magic and magic(supernatural).
In the science and method of its most original aesthetic (beauty). At the age of nineteen, he attended the Metropolitan School of Art in Dublin, wishing to become a painter. In 1887 he became the correspondent for the literature of two American newspapers.
His father’s artists and author friends were William Morris (1834–1896), George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), and Oscar Wilde (1856–1900).
Career Beginnings Returning to London
Career Beginnings Returning to London in the late 1880s, Yates met with writers Oscar Wilde, Lionel Johnson, and G.B. Shaw.
He became acquainted with Maud Song, a supporter of Irish independence. This revolutionary woman worked as a museum for Yates for years. He even offered to marry her several times, but She rejected him. He endorsed his 1892 drama Countess Kathleen to her.
During this time, Yate Ernest established the Rhymers’ Club poetry group with Ernest Rhys. He also entered the Order of the Golden Dawn, which explored issues of mantra and mysticism.
While he was fascinated with the elements of the other world, But Yates’s interest in Ireland, especially in its folklore, ignited much of his yield.
The claim work of The Wanderings of Oisin and Other Poems (1889) drawn from the story of a mythical Irish hero. Meaningful friendships 1889 Yates met the woman who became the ever-present single influence of his life and poetry, Maud Gonne.
Maud Gonne was Yates’ first and deep love. He admired his poetry but refused his repeated marriage offers, choosing instead to marry Major John McBride. Gone came to represent the ideal of feminine beauty for Yates.
Although He has appeared in several of his poems as Troy of Helen, the years are considered an improper marriage and a frustrating political reason, as its involvement with Irish independence by which beauty is distorted and spoiled.
Yates became a founding member of literary clubs in London, England, and Dublin. During this time, he became friends with playwright John Millington Synge (1871-1909).
He was entered to Synge in 1896 and later operated the Abbey Theater in Dublin. The American poet Ezra Pound (1885-1972) appeared to London in 1909 for the specific purpose of meeting Yates.
Ezra served as Yeats’s secretary between 1912 and 1916. He introduces Yeats to any Japanese drama (a form of Japanese theater in various ways, such as the Greek tragedy). The verse drama of Yess (drama in the form of poetry) reflects the formalities and symbolism of No.
Maud Goney’s husband’s death seemed promising that he could now accept Yates’ marriage proposal. He rejected her in 1917. He proposed to his daughter, Isolt McBride, to reject her.
The same year He married Miss George Hyde-Lesser. Immediately after their marriage, Yeats’s new wife created the power of automatic writing (writing in a way that came from an outside source).
He began to say the spirit of another world destined the strange phrase in her sleep that she thought. Yates copied these pieces and incorporated them into his disguised aesthetic, published as A Vision in 1925.
The Abbey Theater
An essential pillar in the history of modern theater happened in 1902, when Yates, Maude Gon, Douglas Hyde, and George Russell organized the Irish National Theater Society in which the Abbey Theater Company grew in 1904.
Yates’s experience with theater gave a new style to the poems of Seven Woods (1907)- Less elaborate, less romantic, and more straight-forward in language and imagery.
Some of Yates plays show great interest in ancient royalty and “half-forgotten things,” but his poetry was undoubtedly new. Yates play At the Hawk’s Well, composed and produced in 1915, showed the masked use of Japanese drama. And its influence on the dance of a Japanese dance director.
From 1918 to 1933, Yates and his wife lived in a rebuilding tower in Bally (Galway), Ireland. The tower became a notable symbol of one of his best poems, most notably The Tower Makes Up (1928). Yates was elected Irish senator in 1922, a position he held until his retirement in 1928.
The acceptance of the role and its responsibilities foreshadowed in his poems Responsibilities (1914). The outbreak of the Civil War in Ireland in 1922 reinforced his conviction that the artist should go into the harmony of chaos through art rather than politics.
Acclaimed poet and playwright
In addition to his poetry, Yeats devoted considerable energy to writing plays. He worked with Lady Gregory to perform on the Irish stage, the two collaborating on the production of Cathleen Ni Houlihan in 1902.
Around that time, Yeats, along with Lady Gregory and John Millington Synge, helped the Irish National Theater Society serve as its president and co-director. More work has begun soon, including On the Strand, Deardray, and At Hawk of Well.
After his marriage to Georgie Hyde-Liss in 1917, Yates started to a new creative period by experimenting with automatic writing.
The newlyweds sat together to write a session of faith that would be guided by the power of the spiritual world.
Through which Yates created an elaborate theory of human nature and history. Soon they had two children, daughter Annie and son William Michael.
After six years as a senator in early 1922, this famous author became the political figure of the new Irish Free State. The following year, he received a Nobel Prize in Literature as an essential complement to his writing.
According to the Nobel Prize official website, Yeats chose for his ever-inspired poetry, which expresses the nation’s consciousness in a highly artistic.
Yates continued to write until his death. Some of his later important works include The Wild Swan A Cool (1917), A Vision (1925), The Tower (1928), and Words for Music Yes and other poems (1932).
Yeats died on January 26, 8th in Recabrun-Cap-Martin, France. Shortly after his death, the last poetry. And two drama publications further consolidated his legacy as a leading poet and playwright.
Aesthetic theories and systems:
Yates created his doctrine of masks as a means of presenting highly personal ideas. And activities to the world without the danger of sensitivity.
How to find the opposite of his type. Yeats believed that he could then wear the mask of this ideal “antistrophe”. And thus create art from a synthesis (combination) of anti-nature.
For this reason, his poetry often made in a different form, such as in “Sailing in Byzantium.”William Butler Yeats turned to magic for the flawed system that would oppose and complete his art.
He attracted to the book of Buddhism (an ancient Eastern religion) as well as the Jewish and Christian mystical (spiritual) books. Which he considered being a composite of the different elements of life that he had to try and capture.
He believed that history was cyclical (circular) and a new cycle every two thousand years, unlike any previous period.
In his “The Second Coming” poem, the birth of Christ begins with a period. Which stops, as the poem outcomes, with a “rough beast,” strange and ominous, who “slouches towards Bethlehem to be born.”