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Who Was Oscar Wilde?
Writer, playwright, and poet Oscar Wilde was a famous author of late Victorian England. After graduating from the University of Oxford. He lectured as a poet, art critic. And a leading advocate of aesthetic principles.
In 1891, Oscar Wilde published the portrait of Dorian Gray, his only novel that was panned by Victorian critics as immoral. But is now considered one of his most notable works.
As a playwright, many of Wilde’s plays are his most famous play and play, including the satirical comedy Actress Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), A Woman’s No Importance (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895) and The Impression of Bearing (1895).
Common in his writings and life, Wilde’s relationship with a young man. Led to his arrest in 1895 on a charge of “hateful porn.”
Common in his writings and life. Wilde’s relationship with a young man led to his arrest in 1895 on a charge of “gross indecency”. He was imprisoned for two years and died in poverty three years after being released at the age of 46.
Early Life and Education
Oscar Fingal O’Flaherty Wills Willard was born on October 16, 1854, in Dublin, Ireland. His father, William Willard, was an acclaimed physician. Who a knight for his work as a medical adviser to the Irish Census.
Later, at his own expense, William founded St. Mark’s Eye Hospital to treat the city’s poor. Wilde’s mother, Jane Francesca L.G., A poet who closely involved in the 1848 Young Ireland uprising. A skilled linguist whose influence on Sidonia’s acclaimed English translation, The Cesarean, by Wilhelm Meinhold, a Pomeranian novelist.
Wilde was a brilliant and bookish child. He attended Portora Royal School in Enniskillen. Where he fell in love with Greek and Roman studies. He won the school’s award for the top classic student in his last two years. As well as the second prize in his final year of drawing.
Upon receiving his graduation in 1871. Wilde awarded a Royal School Scholarship to study at Trinity College, Dublin. At the end of his first year at Trinity in 1872. He secured first place in the classical examination of the school and received the College Foundation Scholarship. Which the most honored of the graduates.
After graduating from Oxford, Wilde moved to London to live with Frank Miles, a famous painter within London’s high society. There he continued to focus on writing poetry. Publishing his first compilation of poems in 1881.
The following year, in 1882, Willard traveled from London to New York City to begin an American lecture tour. For which delivered 140 lectures, spanning just nine months. While not speaking, he met some of the leading American scholars and literature. Including Henry Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Walt Whitman. Whitman especially praised Willard.”
There is no one else in this vast world of America whom I love and respect so much.” He later wrote in his idol. At the end of the American tour. Willard returned to the country and immediately started another speech circuit in England and Ireland, which lasted until mid-1884.
Through his lectures, as well as his early poetry, Wilde established himself as a leading advocate of the aesthetic movement. A theory of art and literature that emphasized the pursuit of beauty in one’s interests rather than promoting one’s own political or social views.
On May 29, 1884, Willard married a wealthy English woman named Constance Lloyd. They had two sons: Cyril, Vyvyan, born in 1886, and born in 1885. A year after her marriage. Wilde recently hired to run Lady World, a once-popular English magazine that recently went out of fashion.
During her two years in the editorship of Lady World. Wilde discusses the magazine’s proliferation as “not only what women wear but also what they think and feel.”
“Lady World should be a recognized organ for expressing women’s views on all aspects of literature, art and modern life. And yet it should be a magazine that men can read happily,” Wilde writes.
The sexuality of Oscar Wilde
In 1886, Wilde became attracted to a practicing lesbian or any member of his own gender. He understood that his assaults on the Victorian moral code were the motivation for his writing. He considered himself a criminal who created a scandal and challenged society.
The scandal that led to his conviction (before being convicted) of homosexuality in 1895 was mostly personal. Willard believes in the criminal mentality. Lord Arthur Saville’s Crime and Other Stories (1891) has inherently treated the “Lord Arthur Savile’s Crime,” murder, and its successful cover-up.
The original version of The Picture of Dorian Gray in Lippincott Magazine emphasized the death of painter Basil Hallward by Dorian as the turning point for Dorian’s fall. Wilde emphasized that criminal tendency becomes a criminal act. Dorian Gray wrote in a book form in 1891.
The novel was a celebration of youth. Dorian, guardianless in a gesture by Wilde. He is not aged, and he is guilty. Like all of Wilde’s works, the novel was a popular success. His only formal critical book, “Intentions” (1891), restored many views emphasizing Dorian Gray. It points to his later plays and stories.
The senses stressed the importance of criticism in an era in which Wilde believed it was extraordinary. For him, criticism was an independent branch of literature. And its work was outstanding.
Acclaimed Works of Oscar Wilde
In 1888, while he was still serving as editor of Lady World, Willard entered seven years of intense creativity. During which time he composed almost all of his great literary works.
Seven years after he wrote the poem, Wilde published a collection of children’s stories. The Happy Prince and other stories in 1888.
In 1891 he announced Intentions, a group of essays that debated the theoretical subject of aesthetics. The same year he published his first and only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray.
The book is a cautionary tale about a beautiful young man, Dorian Gray. Who wishes (and accepts his will) that his response is to live with sin and joy for ages. Although the novel now respected as a great and classic work, critics outraged by the book’s apparent lack of morality.
Wilde defended himself firmly in the novel’s essay, considered one of the great testaments of aesthetics. In which he wrote, “An unorthodox methodology of a moral empathy style among an artist”. And “art for vice and virtuoso artistic materials.”
A fan of Wilde’s first play Lady Windermere opened in February 1892 to high popularity and critical acclaim, encouraging. Wilde to accept the play as its primary literary form.
Over the next few years, Wilde made several excellent plays – fun. Extremely sarcastic comedy fancy stories that nevertheless contain severe and dark undertones. His most famous plays, A Woman of No Impression (1893), An Ideal Husband (1895), and The Imperial of Being (1895).