Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Biography

sarat chandra chattopadhyay

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay Biography

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay (15 September 1876 – 16 January 1938) was a Bengali writer, novelist, and storyteller. He is one of the most popular in South Asia and one of the most popular Bengali language novelists. Many of his novels have been translated into major languages in India. He was also known as Sarat Chandra Chatterjee.

Baradidi (1913), Pallis Samaj (1916), Devdas (1917), characterless (1917), Srikanta (1917-1933 in four quarters), Datta (1918), Grihadaha(1920), Pather Dabi (1926), Parinita (1914), Shesh Proshno(1931), etc. The famous novel by Sharatchandra.

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay is known as an “invincible talker(অপরাজেয় কথাশিল্পী)” because of the unpopular popularity in the history of Bengali literature.

Birth and family

Sarat Chandra Chatterjee was born on 15 September 1876 in a poor Brahmin family in the village of Devanandpur in the Hooghly district of the British Indian Presidency.

Sarat Chandra’s father’s name was Motilal Chattopadhyay and Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay’s mother’s name was Bhubanmohani Devi. He was the second of the five siblings.

Besides her sisters Anila Devi, she had two brothers named Prabhas Chandra and Prakash Chandra and one sister named Sushila Devi. Sharatchandra’s nickname was Nara.

Due to poverty, Motilal spent most of his childhood in this city as he was staying at his father-in-law’s house in Bhagalpur with his wife and children.


At the age of five, Shati Chandra Motilal admitted him to a parish scholar’s school in Devanandpur, where he studied for two or three years. Later, while in Bhagalpur town, his uncle enrolled him in a student at the local Durga Charan Boys School.

In 1887, Sharat Chandra admitted to Bhagalpur District School. In 1889, when Dehiri’s job at Motilal gone, he returned to Devanandpur with his family and forced to leave Sarat Chandra District School.

During this time he admitted to Hooghly Branch School, but due to poverty he could not pay the school fees, he had to leave the school. During this time Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay wrote two stories called ‘BrahmaDitya’ and ‘Kashinath’.

When Motilal returned to Bhagalpur in 1893, the neighboring literary man, Tejarnarayan Jubilee Collegiate School teacher, noticed Panchakari Bandyopadhyay’s interest in education and admitted him to his school.

From this school, in 1894, Tejarnarayan passed Jubilee College, passing the Entrance Examination in the Second Division. During this time, he taught his grandfather’s younger brothers, Aghornath’s two sons Surendranath and Girindranath every night, in return for which he provided the necessary money to attend college.

Despite this, he could not sit the exam for failing to collect the FA exam fee.


After leaving college, Saratchandra started spending time playing and acting with members of the Adampur Club in Bhagalpur. During this time he organized a literary meeting at the house of his neighbor Bibhutibhushan Bhatt, as a result of which he wrote novels like Baradidi, ‘Devdas’, Chandranath, Shubhada, etc. and stories like’ Anupmar Prem ‘,’ Alo O Chhaya ‘,’ Bojha ‘, Haricharan’.

During this time he worked for a few days at the Bonelli Raj-Estate. But for some reason, out of arrogance towards his father, he left the house disguised as a monk. When his father died at this time, he returned to Bhagalpur and paid obeisance to his father and traveled to Calcutta, where he got a job at the house of Lalmohan Gangopadhyay, a lawyer in the Calcutta High Court, with a salary of thirty rupees a month for translating Hindi books into English. This time, he wrote a story called ‘Temple’ and sent it to the ‘Kuntlin’ competition, which was declared the winner.

After spending six months at Lalmohan’s house, Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay moved to the house of Lalmohan Gangopadhyay’s brother-in-law, lawyer Aghornath Chattopadhyay, in Rangoon in January 1903. Aghornath offered him a temporary job in the audit office of the Burmese Railway. After leaving his job two years later, he moved to Pegu with his friend Girindranath Sarkar and lived there at Abinash Chatterjee’s house. In April 1906, with the help of Manindranath Mitra, Deputy Examiner of the Public Works Accounts Office in Burma, Saratchandra got a job in Rangoon and worked there for the next ten years.

When Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay returned to the country in October 1912 on a month’s leave, Fanindranath Pal, the editor of a newspaper called ‘Jamuna’, requested him to send an article for the newspaper. Accordingly, Saratchandra returned to Rangoon and sent Rama’s Sumati story, which was published in the Jamuna newspaper in the Falgun(name of Bangla month) and Chaitra (name of Bangla month) issue of 1319 BS.

He then started writing for Bharatvarsha. Fanindranath Pal published his novel Baradidi in book form. MC Sarkar & Sons and Gurudas Chatterjee & Sons published his novels in book form. In 1916, Rangoon returned to Bengal after resigning from his job due to a misunderstanding with the authorities.

House of Chattopadhyay

Sarat Chandra Kuthi, also known as Sharat Smriti Mandir is a museum of a house located in the village of Samata in the Howrah district of West Bengal, India.

On the banks of the Rupnarayan River. It has known for 12 years as the home of the Bengali tyrant Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay. The house built by a local labourer named Gopal Das in 1923 and cost $ 17,000.

The structure damaged during the West Bengal flood in 1978, after which the government started repairing it. Sarat Chandra Kuthi is heritage Tihyahahi (the historical place which protected under the West Bengal Teaching Commission Act (IX) of 2001).

Autumn lunar leopard, and nocturnal distribution, among others. He wrote to “Ramer Sumati ” and “Mahesh” among others while he was at home.

Marital life

In 1905, Sharat Chandra got the job of Karenigiri in Maine, accounting for seventy-five bucks as a Burmese railway examiner. On the outskirts of Rangoon, Botatong used to live in the factory of a mill worker in the Pozdong area.

Under her residence lived the daughter of a Brahmin maestro named Shanti Devi. When his father fixed an alcoholic marriage with him, Shanti Devi requested Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay rescued from the danger. They also had a son, but Shanti Devi and her one-year-old son died of the plague of Rangoon.

Not long afterward, Sharat Chandra married his 3-year-old daughter Mokshda at the request of a fate called Krishnadas Adhikari in Rangoon. After marriage, he named Mokhtar as Hiranmayi Devi. They were childless.

Last life

In the middle ages, Sharat Chandra lived in a house in the village of Panitras (Samataber) in the Howrah district. About four to five kilometers southeast of the Deolati station on the south-east railway, the house of Samatbade situated in a pleasant setting on the banks of the Rupnarayan river.

Besides, two ponds surrounded by a sun pier, gardens, pomegranates, guava trees. In addition to the flood of houses in 1978, the soil houses of all the villages wiped out. The house of Sharatchandra’s clay surprisingly well protected from Rupnarayanan.

Until the window, the foundation covered in brick-and-cement but not damaged. Later, repairs and maintenance are being done on the government initiative. Later, Sharat Chandra also lived in Shivpur. The road from Shivpur Baitaitla Bazar to Chatterjeehat is named after Sharat Chandra. In 1937, Sharat Chandra was often ill.

On the advice of the doctor, he returned to Kolkata after spending three to four months in Deoghar to recover his health. At this time, he diagnosed with liver cancer, which had spread to his stomach. Doctors like Bidhan Chandra Roy, Kumudashankar Roy, advocated for his surgery.

Sarat Chandra was first admitted to a European Nursing Home on the Suburban Hospital Road in South Kolkata and later to the Park Nursing Home located at Victoria Terrace No. 4.

On 12 January 1938, surgeon Lalitmohan Bandyopadhyay underwent surgery on his body, but there was no survival. Four days later, on 16 January at 10 am, Sharat Chandra breathed his last.

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