At the end of the eighteenth century, poet William Wordsworth helped to find a romantic movement in English literature. He writes “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.”
William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – April 23, 1850) was an English romantic poet who helped to begin the romantic era in English literature through his joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798) with Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
Wordsworth’s magnum opus usually regarded as The Prelude, One of his first years was a semi-autobiographical poem which he revised and expanded several times.
It was titled and published after his wife’s death, before which it was commonly known as “Poetry to Coleridge.”Wordsworth was a British poet laureate until his death from pleurisy on 23 April 1833.
Table of Contents
Early Life And Education
Did you know? In the late 1790s, William Wordsworth was considered a French spy and was surveyed by a government agent.
Three to four years after his return to England was the darkness of Wordsworth’s life. Unwanted, rootless, virtually free, for any profession, bitterly hostile to his own country’s dissent to the French, He lived with radicals like William Godwin in London and learned to have deep sympathy for abandoned mothers, beggars, children, beggars, and Victims of the war in England who began with the poem he began writing at this point.
This dark period ended in 1795 when a friend’s legacy made possible the reunion of Wordsworth with his beloved sister Dorothy. The two could never be left again – and in 1797 moved to Alfxden House, near Bristol.
Relationship with Annette Vallon
In November 1791 Wordsworth visited Revolutionary France and influenced by the Republican movement. He falls in love with Annette Vallon, a French woman who gave birth to Caroline in 1792.
He was forced to return to England the following year because of financial problems and Britain’s tense relationship with France. The details of his return and his following behavior raised doubts about his declared intention to marry Annette, But he encouraged her and her daughter the best he could in the afterlife.
The kingdom of terror Wordsworth had completely disintegrated about the French Revolution, and the outbreak of armed hostility between Britain and France prevented him from seeing Annette and her daughter for years.
With the Peace of Amiens allowed to travel back to France, Wordsworth and his sisters Dorothy Calais visited Annette and Caroline.
The purpose of the trip was to outfit Annette for the truth of her upcoming marriage to Mary Hutchinson. Then he wrote the sonnet “It is a beauteous evening, calm and free,” 9-year-old Caroline remembers crossing the ocean, Whom he had not seen before this visit.
Mary Concerned that Wordsworth should do more for Caroline. After Caroline’s marriage, in 1816, Wordsworth fixed her £30 per year ($ 1360 equivalent to 2000), payments continued until 1835, When they were replaced by capital settlement.
Young Poet First publication and Lyrical Ballads
The first publication of Wordsworth’s poems in 1793 saw an Evening walk and a compilation of narrative forms. In 1795 he received £ 900 from Risley Culvert and was able to build a career as a poet.
It was in 1795 that he led Samuel Taylor Coleridge to Somerset. The two poets quickly formed close friendships. In 1797, Wordsworth and his sister, Dorothy, moved from the Race down in Dorset, where they moved to Alfxton House in Somerset, a few miles from Neder Stowe Coolidge’s home, for two years.
Together Wordsworth and Coleridge (with Dorothy’s insight) produced Lyrical Bolds (1798), English is an important function of the Romantic movement.
The volume did not name Wordsworth’s or Coolidge’s as the author. Wordsworth’s most famous poem, “Tintern Abbey” published in this collection, along with Coleridge’s “Ancient Mariner The Rime.”
The second edition, published in 1800, simply listed Wordsworth as a writer and included a presentation of poems.
This significantly increased in a later edition published in 1802. In this title, which some scholars consider being a central piece of romantic literary theory.
Discussing what Wordsworth sees as a new kind of verse material. It is based on ordinary language “really used by men”.
While was avoiding most of the eighteenth-century verse poetry.
Wordsworth defines it as a famous poem “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.
It takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility”, calling it his own poem in the book “Experimental”.
William Wordsworth Evolving Poetry and Philosophy
As he grew up, Wordsworth began to reject extremism. In 1813, he was named distributor of postage stamps and relocated his family to a new home in the lake district. In 1818, Wordsworth was a staunch supporter of conservative stories.
Although Wordsworth continued to produce poetry with ongoing work that mourned the death of his two children in 1812.
He reached a height of creativity between 1798 and 1808.
This was the first work that limited his reputation as an acclaimed writer. Wordsworth became England’s poet laureate in 1833, a position he held throughout his life.
Germany and move to the Lake District
Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Dorothy outing to Germany in the autumn of 1798. While Coleridge intellectually stimulated by the journey, Wordsworth’s main effect was to produce homesickness.
During the harsh winter of 1798-99, Wordsworth lived with Dorothy in Goslar, and despite extreme stress and loneliness began to work on an autobiographical treatise, later titled The Prelude.
He wrote some of Gosler’s most famous poems, including “The Lucy Poems.”In the autumn of 1799, Wordsworth and his sister returned to England and visited the Hutchinson family in Sockburn.
Coleridge returned to England to meet Wordsworth and travel north with their publisher, Joseph Cottle, and make a proposed visit to the Lake District.
This was the immediate reason for the siblings’ settlement at Dove Cottage in Grasmere in the Lake District, this time with another nearby poet, Robert Southey.
Wordsworth, Coleridge and Southey became known as “Lake Poets.”Throughout this whole period, many of Wordsworth’s poems revolved around themes of death, tolerance, separation, and mourning.
William Wordsworth Death
William Wordsworth died on April 26, April 18, at home in Riddle Mount in a growing case of pleurisy and buried at St Oswald’s Church, Grasmere.
His wife, Mary, published his long autobiographical “Poem to Coleridge” several months after his death.
Although it failed to interest people at the time, it has become widely recognized as its masterpiece.