Born: December 9, 1608 London, England Died: November 8, 1674 London, England English poet and essayist
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Who was John Milton?
John Milton was born on 9 December 1608, to John and Sarah Milton. All three of their children survived childhood. Anne was the most adult; John was the middle child and Christopher was the youngest. He wrote poetry from 1645–1674 when the English Renaissance.
Milton was educated under strong Protestant influence and attended Christ’s College, Cambridge, to pursue a career as a minister.
During his college years, Milton composed his poems’ L’Alegro and Il Panesar. After leaving Cambridge, Milton changed his attitude toward his future and hesitated during many years of research.
Instead, he spent time writing poems, which led to dramatic rhythms of arcades and commas. After his mother’s death, Milton left England to travel to Europe. Upon his return, Milton was brought up in the field of political writing and began a career in writing political tracts that expressed his views on state and religious issues.
He first supported the Presbyterian leaders standing in England behind Stephen Marshall; A few years later he would propagate a more radical view.
John Milton Early Life and education
John Milton was born on 9 December 1608 in London, England. The father of the future poet, John Milton, Sr., was a writer (a man who draws action and willpower). About 1600 he married Sarah Jeffrey, a business-rich man. Their three children were living in infancy: Annie, John, and Christopher.
Young Milton was known for his love of reading and his early interest in poetry. From his father, who was an amateur composer (music writer), young John developed a love for music, which later spread to his poetry. After private education, he entered St. Paul’s School in about 1620.
At the age of fifteen, he enrolled in the Church of England to become a priest. Due to disagreements with his tutor, he stressed in 1626 (suspended). In April 1626, at Cambridge, Milton was appointed as a separate teacher and resumed his studies of logic, ethics, Greek, Latin, and Hebrew.
He wrote Latin poems and epilogues (short poems deal explicitly with a single thought or event, and often end with a smart idea).
In 2628 Milton wrote his first major English poem, ‘On the Death of a Fair Infant, Dying of the Cough’, about the death of his sister’s child. A year later he wrote On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity, in celebration of the harmonious power of On Sheik love.
In one of his college lectures, Milton broke the usual practice of speaking in Latin by delivering English verse, “Hail native language.” Subsequently, he wrote occasional Latin verses and multiple sonnets (fourteen lines of poetry) in Italy, but he continued to compose in English.
John Milton Early Career
Milton returned with his family to live in Hammersmith, London, where he continued to study at his own pace. He read many ancient and modern books which discussed all sorts of topics. The family was forced to relocate only three years later due to the outbreak of the plague.
During this time, Milton wrote his pieces, Arcades,’ ‘Lycidas,’ and “Comus.” A few years later, Milton left England for just over a year to travel to Europe. Upon returning to Milton, he learned that his childhood friend, Diodati, had died.
Milton wrote the elegy ‘Epitaphium Damonis’, or ‘Damon’s Epitaph’ for his friend. He also began to write some pieces of prose that he said against the Episcopacy, or against the classical establishment of the church, where the bishops are local authorities.
In the early 1640s, Milton became a schoolteacher and wrote aggressive tracts on the Church of England, education and divorce leaders (after spending some unhappy time with his wife). He received an adverse reaction after this composition and wrote, Areopagitica; A Speech by Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printing in the Parliament of England, A Most Famous Work on Censorship.
Milton collected his poems together in a volume entitled 1645 Poems. It is the only collection of his poems which has published till date. As time went on, the focus was on Milton’s political and social discourse.
He turned his pen to the right to take human rules into account. These works led to his appointment as secretary of foreign languages in 1649. In the same year, he published, “Eknoslastse”, the act of killing the ragged defense.
John Milton Later Career
In the following years, his fame became even more pronounced when he wrote the popular, ‘In Defense’, which spoke of the rights of the English. This was followed by a second defense, which was praised by Oliver Cromwell, who was now Lord Protector, with Milton also subject to many rejections from the crown. In 1654, Milton’s health condition took a turn for the worse as Milton became blind.
The cause is unknown, but it was probably glaucoma. This development meant that he had to speak his prose to someone trusted to copy his words. The task was given to colleague Andrew Marvell.
‘On His Blindless’ is the work of this period. Milton began writing his most famous work, Paradise Lost, in 1658. It was sold for publishing in 1667 for $ 5 or about £ 770 today. He was married a second time in 1656, but 15 months later his wife died with their baby bird. The poet married one final time in 1663.
John Milton’s Paradise Lost
In late 1659, Milton went to prison. Because of his role in the fall of Charles I and the rise of the Commonwealth. He released, probably because of the influence of influential supporters.
The monarchy was restored in 1660 with Charles II as King. This time for the third time since his release from prison, Milton is bound to marry Elizabeth Minsoul. Milton published Paradise Lost in 10 volumes In 1667.
It is considered his most excellent work and the most significant epic in English. The free-verse poem tells the story of how the devil seduced Adam and Eve and their expulsion from the Garden of Eden.
In 1671 he published Paradise Reign, in which Jesus overcame Satan’s temptations and Samson agonists, where Samson first drowned in fascination and then released himself. A revised, 12-volume edition of Paradise Lost was published in 1674.
Reputation and influence
Milton influenced many writers. Some, like John Dryden (1631-1700), praised his work and used it as the basis for his own writing. Others, including Alexander Pope (1688-1744) had fun with it.
Others, such as Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), acknowledged the value of Milton’s work but disagreed with his religious and political views. In general, eighteenth-century poets praised him for outstanding spiritual, intellectual, and moral values.
William Blake (1757–1827) and Percy Baishe Shelley (1792–1822) praised his devil as a romantic rebel. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772–1834) admired Milton’s artistry and depth. In the 1920s, T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) criticized Milton’s verse mainly because of its influence.
Milton’s Later Years And Death
After improving and in his hazard, Milton was in favour of freedom of worship. The republic for England while overseeing the publication of his major poems and other works. Milton arrested shortly after the succession of the Second Charles and executed by a possible hanging for his involvement in the government of Rayside and Cromwell.
Although the virtue of Milton’s disease is not fully known, it is likely that some of the influential figures of Charles’s regime. So Christopher Milton, Andrew Marvel, and William Davenant were recommended by him.
The exact date and location of Milton’s death are unknown; He probably died on 8 November 1674, in a complication of gout in the lounge (possibly renal failure). He was buried inside St Jiles Crimplegate Church in London.