What Are The Rights And Duties Of A Guardian?

Becoming a guardian comes with a lot of responsibilities. There are several things guardians must undertake to ensure the well-being of the protected person and numerous things guardians must report to the court. There are also numerous things that a guardian cannot undertake without first obtaining approval from the court. A court can designate a guardian for a child (when any parents cannot care for the child) or an adult (when an adult cannot care for themselves). If you have been designated as a legal guardian, either for a child or an elderly, you have crucial rights and responsibilities. Continue reading and visit to learn more about what a guardian is expected to do.

  • General Rules For Guardian Appointment

There are two categories of guardians: person guardians and property guardians. A person’s guardian is responsible for the ward and is accountable for the ward’s regular care. A guardian of the property has the power and obligation to keep and oversee all of the ward’s property. A ward normally has a general guardian who oversees both the individual and the assets, although dividing roles is essential and practical in rare cases.

A guardian may not be nominated for someone unless such an individual requires court safekeeping. Every parent is considered their child’s natural guardian. But neglect or abandonment may result in a parent’s loss of this status. Furthermore, if both parents pass away, leaving a minor kid behind, the court may generally appoint a guardian. In medical situations, guardians might also be appointed. If a parent refuses to consent to medical treatment for a kid, the court might appoint a temporary guardian to do so. Adults who cannot care for themselves due to mental or physical disease, drug or alcohol misuse, or other impairment may require the appointment of a guardian to secure the preservation of their personal property and supervise their day-to-day personal care.

  • A Guardian’s Rights And Power

The ward’s guardian may often alter the ward’s location, oversee the ward’s medical treatment, and direct the ward’s education. Similarly, the guardian of a ward’s property may have authority over the ward’s finances and the authority to buy or sell the ward’s property. On the other hand, courts have the authority to define the rights of a guardian for each unique instance. There are 3 major types of guardians: general, limited, and special.

A general guardian may have the maximum authority of any form of guardianship. The court may empower a limited guardian to exercise restricted powers over an individual, the ward’s property, or both such property and person. On the other hand, the court will clarify precisely what those restricted powers are. Only when a guardian must be chosen swiftly may a special guardian be appointed. Such guardians may only exercise such authorities that the court considers essential during an emergency. If the court determines that the ward still requires the services of a guardian after the end of the term, it may designate either a general or limited guardian.

  • Duties Of A Guardian

With rights comes accountability, and the law states that guardians have duties towards their wards. These duties may include:

  • Submitting an assessment of the ward’s property to the court.
  • Submitting a guardianship report with the court once a year or at a set period as instructed by the court.
  • Approve surgical, medical, psychological, and psychiatric care, except experimental therapies, which may need to be authorized by a court.
  • Taking appropriate care of the ward’s requirements, including their schooling in case of minor wards; otherwise, the guardian may face criminal charges for neglect or abuse.
  • Taking care of the ward’s assets. If the guardian seizes any of the ward’s money or assets for personal use, he may face criminal charges.
  • Use the protected person’s estate for the protected person’s upkeep, education, support, and anybody to whom the protected person may owe a legal responsibility for support.


  • Guardianship Limitations

Any guardian may not have total authority over the protected person. A guardian may not do certain things without prior authorization from the court, particularly when it relates to the covered individual’s finances. Some typical procedures that may need prior court approval include:

  • Putting the protected individual in a protected residential long-term care setting
  • Renting or selling the protected person’s real estate or other assets
  • The ward cannot be forced to undergo surgery or take medication by the guardian. 
  • The ward cannot be moved out of their place of living without the court’s consent. 
  • The guardian should maintain careful records of financial transactions.
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